Partial Dentures: Types and Uses.

Partial Dentures: Types and Uses.

May 01, 2021

Some people have one or two missing teeth, and sometimes causes them to have low self-esteem issues, and reduce interactions with other people. However, partial dentures have been invented as an alternative.

This is a plate that has one or more false teeth on it and maybe all plastic or a mixture of metal and plastic. Both types of dentures may have clips (clasps), which work to keep the denture in place in your mouth.

What Is A Partial Denture?

Partial dentures are also called partials and are artificial replacement teeth used to restore a few missing teeth in a person’s mouth. Partials replace a few missing teeth in the upper or lower jaw while full dentures replace an entire set of teeth.

Why Do I Need A Partial Denture?

Loss or missing teeth due to any etiology are indications for partial dentures. Some of these include:

Partial dentures are often necessary if you’ve lost some teeth due to:

  • Severe tooth decay
  • Periodontal disease (advanced gum disease)
  • A facial or jaw injury
  • Tooth extraction
  • Poor dental care and natural aging.

Anyone can use a denture, irrespective of age. Your dentist will decide on the best type of denture for you, depending on your presenting symptoms or complaints.

Types Of Partial Dentures.

Partial dentures come in both fixed and removable forms. The type of denture you need depends on your oral health status, the number of teeth missing, and your purchase ability:

Removable dental prostheses, as from its name are partial dentures that can be removed and are usually recommended for people who have a few teeth missing. It can be of three forms viz cast metal dentures (commonest type), flexible dentures, and acrylic partial dentures (least expensive and do not last for a long time).

Fixed partial dentures are also called fixed bridges, and are non-removable prostheses that are surgically inserted into the jawbone. Common types include traditional bridge, Cantilever bridge, Maryland bridge, and implant-supported bridge.

Pros And Cons Of Partial Dentures.


  • Removable dentures are less invasive and have a lower cost than other tooth replacement options, especially for patients with multiple missing teeth.
  • Depending on the material used and other factors, additional teeth may be added to the parts over time.
  • Partials are a much better option than a complete denture to replace lost teeth in your lower jaw if some natural teeth can be saved as quite many people have difficulty adapting to a removable complete lower denture.


  • A break-in time is needed to get used to having a part in your mouth.
  • Removable dentures also increase the build-up of plaque around the teeth which can inherently lead to tooth decay (caries) and gum disease.
  • Trauma to the abutment teeth or gums can occur from pressure or movement of the partial.
  • Bone loss at the sites of missing teeth can occur and over time can affect adjacent teeth.
  • They have to be removed at night.

Caring for Your Mouth with Partial Dentures.

Although it may seem a bit awkward at first and you’d need to adapt to having a new set of ‘’teeth’’, it is important to take care of your dentures just as you would take care of your natural teeth.

It is advised that you take your partials out every night before bed, to relieve your teeth and tissues. This is because your gums need air and good blood circulation to be healthy. Store your partial in clean water in a place safe from breakage.

Get and use a power toothbrush to increase plaque removal on your natural teeth, and also, flossing is very important, especially around your abutment teeth.

Try not to bite your dentures. Hence, place your partial in your mouth and seat it using your fingers, not by biting it. Biting can stress the clasps and can lead to breakage. Be aware of an increased risk of tooth decay – limit sweetened beverages and foods with high sugar content.

Continue with regular dental appointments for cleanings and exams at denture care centers to keep your mouth at its healthiest. Visit accredited dental experts in Hutto to get the best options for partial dentures in Hutto, TX.